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Historical events have shaped the city of Tui over more than 2,000 years. The population of the area before the Roman occupation established itself on a rocky hill above the river Miño. This was an importance strategic position for the Roman Empire, connecting river ports of the river Miño as well as the extensive network of roadways that spread from the city to the north-west.
A reduction in the urban population during the high medieval period resulted in the ancient roman and suebian cities’ survival in the form of small urban population nuclei which became the foundation of the medieval city from the eleventh century. In 1170, king Fernando II ordered the construction of a new walled perimeter for the city to be built on the summit of the cathedral’s hill, where merchants, artisans and religious minorities, such as jewish people were received. The medieval city was composed of three main elements: the cathedral, its hamlet of dwellings and its city-walls.
1. Current aerial view
DOWNLOADPicture Tui-Valença do Minho en 1509Tui project plan in 1670Tui project plan in 1777Tui project plan in 1856