The City of Bath was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1987 and has a long and illustrious history. It was first established as a spa with the Latin name, Aquae Sulis, ("the waters of Sulis") by the Romans sometime in the AD 60s about 20 years after they had arrived in Britain. Oral tradition, however, suggests that Bath was known long before then. The Roman settlers built baths and a temple on the surrounding hills of Bath in the valley of the River Avon around hot springs. Edgar was crowned king of England at Bath Abbey in 973.
During the Georgian era it became popular as a fashionable spa town, which led to a major expansion that left an unparalleled heritage of Georgian architecture crafted from the local Bath Stone. Examples are the Theatre Royal, the Grand Pump Room attached to the Roman Baths and the assembly rooms. The city features in Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen, who lived there for several years
The city has a variety of theatres, museums, and other cultural and sporting venues, which have helped to make it a major centre for tourism, with over one million staying visitors and 3.8 million day visitors to the city each year.
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